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Caprona agama

Caprona agama

Caprona agama, the spotted angle,[1] is a butterfly belonging to the family Hesperiidae. It is found from southern India[1] to Myanmar and in Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, southern China, Java and Sulawesi. The species was first described by Frederic Moore in 1857.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Spotted angle
Dry-season form from Kerala
Wet-season form from Bangalore
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Caprona
C. agama
Binomial name
Caprona agama
(Moore, 1857)
  • Pyrgus agama Moore, [1858]
  • Pterygospidea erosula C. & R. Felder, [1867]
  • Pterygospidea syrichthus C. & R. Felder, [1867]
  • Tagiades danae Plötz, 1884
  • Abaratha saraya Doherty, 1886
  • Abaratha siamica Swinhoe, 1907
  • Caprona pelias Fruhstorfer, 1909
  • Caprona pelligera Fruhstorfer, 1909
  • Caprona mettasuta Fruhstorfer, 1909


Male. Upperside dark blackish-grey covered with white spots. Forewing with four spots in the cell, commencing with a dot before the middle, a spot in the middle, another towards the end, constricted in its middle, with a dot above it and a lunule at the end, the last two having rows of spots below them, one in each interspace, except the interuo-median which has two in each row; three conjugated spots where the sub-apical spots usually are, with the two dots below them, a post-discal series of spots composed of eight spots, the four lower ones in a row a little inwards, the lower two small, and a sub-marginal row of small spots. Hindwing with a small spot in the middle of the cell, a lunule at the end, the latter the centre of a middle row of small spots, a post-discal and a sub-marginal row; the cilia of both wings black, with white spots opposite the sub-marginal spots. Underside. Forewing white, all but the lower basal portion suffused more or less with blackish-grey, the spots as above. Hindwing white, without suffusion, the spots round and black, one at the end of the cell, another above it below the costa, a twin spot below it, towards the base of the interno-median interspace, a discal row of spots, those in the middle smaller than the others, and a sub-marginal row of larger spots; marginal line of both wings black; palpi, body below and the legs white, the long tuft of hairs on the base of foreleg black; head and body above blackish-grey, a white spot on each side of the head. Antennae with a white streak on the club, and white dots on the shaft. Female similar to the male.


  1. R.K., Varshney; Smetacek, Peter (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. New Delhi: Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal & Indinov Publishing, New Delhi. p. 33. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3966.2164. ISBN 978-81-929826-4-9.
  2. "Caprona agama agama (Moore,[1858])". A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  3. Savela, Markku. "Caprona agama (Moore, [1858])". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  4. Asiatic Society of Bengal (1832). "Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 55 (1886): 138.
  5. E. Y., Watson (1891). Hesperiidae Indicae: being a reprint of descriptions of the Hesperiidae of India, Burma, and Ceylon. Madras: Vest and Company. p. 100.
  6. W. H., Evans (1949). A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia, and Australia in the British Museum. London: British Museum (Natural History). Department of Entomology. p. 161.
  7. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: Swinhoe, Charles (1912–1913). Lepidoptera Indica. Vol. X. London: Lovell Reeve and Co. pp. 78–79.

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