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Caproni Ca.11

Caproni Ca.11

The Caproni Ca.11 was a single-engine monoplane designed and built by Caproni in the early 1910s.

Caproni Ca.11
Role Experimental aircraft
Manufacturer Caproni
First flight 1911
Status Retired
Number built 1


The Caproni Ca.11 was a high wing monoplane with a wooden structure and a canvas covering, equipped with a wing warping system to control the roll and reinforced by metal tie rods connected to the fuselage and to a special structure placed above it; the fuselage was based on a wooden lattice structure, in turn reinforced by metal cables, and was covered in cloth only for the front half; the same wooden structure with a canvas covering characterized the empennages. The trolley, fixed, was composed of two front wheels with anti-overblank pads and another smaller, tailed shoe. The Ca.11 differed from its immediate predecessors mainly for the engine, a French -made 7- cylinder star- shaped Gnome capable of developing a power of 50 hp.[1]

Operational use

The Ca.11 was a single-seater designed for training and for experimental military applications. The quality of the project and the construction, however, allowed the model to report several notable successes, with a series of speed records beaten in February 1912.

On 12 February, under the control of the pilot Enrico Cobioni, who had obtained his own flight license at the Caproni aviation school in Vizzola Ticino, a Ca.11 traveled 20 times, turning around in a circle, a closed circuit of 5 km, for a total of 100 km, in 66 min 30 s, thus establishing a new Italian record for the 100 km circuit (average speed of 90.225 km / h ) [4] for the 5 km in circuit (average speed of 91.370 km / h, corresponding to a time of 3 min 17 s); the record was approved by the commissioners Augusto Vogel and Gustavo Moreno.[2]

On 14 February the same pilot beat the Italian supremacy, rising to 1,150 m (moreover in a very short time of 15 minutes); during the same flight Cobioni covered 1,582 m in 53 s, touching a speed of 106.242 km / h and thus beating the national record straight.


Ca.11 cockpit

Data from Gli aeroplani Caproni – Studi – Progetti – Realizzazioni 1908-1935,[3] Aeroplani Caproni – Gianni Caproni ideatore e costruttore di ali italiane[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 8.4 m (27 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.88 m (29 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 16 m2 (170 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 240 kg (529 lb)
  • Gross weight: 405 kg (893 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Gnome Omega 7-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine, 37 kW (50 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden fixed-pitch propeller


  • Maximum speed: 106 km/h (66 mph, 57 kn)

See also


  1. Abate, Rosario; Alegi, Gregory; Apostolo, Giorgio (1992). Aeroplani Caproni – Gianni Caproni ideatore e costruttore di ali italiane (in Italian) (Italian (also available in English) ed.). Museo Caproni. p. 241.
  2. Giovanni Celoria, Three years of aviation on the moor of Somma Lombardo (5 April 1910 - 5 April 1913), Milan, Stab. Tip. Unione Cooperativa, 1913, ISBN not existing. (Reprinted in anastatic edition by Romano Turrini, Trento, Il Sommolago - G. Caproni Air Force Museum - Municipality of Arco, 2004).
  3. Gli aeroplani Caproni – Studi – Progetti – Realizzazioni 1908-1935 (in Italian). Edizione del Museo Caproni. 1937.
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