Wikipedia Encyclopedia

List of unidentified murder victims in the United States

List of unidentified murder victims in the United States

Of the thousands of people murdered every year in the United States, several remain unidentified. Many of these individuals remain unidentified for years or even decades after their deaths. These cases include that of Tammy Jo Alexander, who was murdered in 1979 and remained an unidentified decedent until 2015,[1] Reet Jurvetson, who was murdered in 1969 and whose body remained unidentified for 46 years,[2] and Alisha Heinrich, a toddler thrown alive from the Interstate 10 bridge in 1982 and identified via genetic genealogy in 2020.[3]

Including murder victims and those who died via natural causes or otherwise, approximately 40,000 decedents remain unidentified in the United States.[4][5]


Tuscaloosa County Jane Doe

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Second sketch

Tuscaloosa County Jane Doe was a white female aged between 34 and 38[6] whose body was found in Slaughter Creek,[7] near the Sipsey River in Romulus, Tuscaloosa County on April 18, 1982.[8] She had been beaten and sexually assaulted, strangulation being the cause of death.[9]

She was 5 feet 4 inches tall, weighed approximately 110 to 115 pounds, had a ruddy complexion (indicating that she regularly engaged in outdoor activity), wore an upper partial denture, and had dark-brown, shoulder-length hair, and brown eyes.[10] She also had a visible scar beneath her right eyebrow. This decedent wore tennis shoes, knitted blue pants, a long-sleeved blue shirt, and white undergarments.

It is possible that she was fishing at the area and was killed at the scene, as disturbances of the earth were discovered at the location of her discovery.[11] Moreover, she may have given birth to at least one child in her lifetime, and her body showed evidence of her having performed manual labor. Her remains were exhumed in 2013 both for additional examination and to obtain a DNA sample.[12][13]


"One-Eyed Jack"

Facial reconstruction of One-Eyed Jack. The decedent's mandible was not found; the jawline depicted is an estimation.

On August 20, 1979, the skeletal remains of a man were discovered in Tok, Alaska. The decedent had apparently hitchhiked to Alaska in 1978 with another man and was then murdered by his companion. He was 6 feet tall, weighed approximately 185 pounds, and was less than 40 years old when he was murdered. The man's left eye was missing, and he wore a distinctive leather eye patch, which may play a crucial role in his future identification. Another feature pertaining to his identity is that he had long brown hair worn with a headband.[14]

"Eklutna Annie"

Eklutna Annie is a young white female (with possible Native American heritage) whose body was discovered on July 21, 1980, in Eklutna, Anchorage, Alaska. This decedent is believed to have been in her late teens or early twenties at the time of her murder.[15]

Serial killer Robert Hansen confessed to murdering this woman, claiming she was either a prostitute or a dancer whom he stabbed in the back as she attempted to escape from his vehicle in late 1979.[16]


"Little Miss X"

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Facial reconstruction of "Little Miss X"
Composite sketch of the victim
Personal items found at the crime scene

The skeletonized remains of a girl, nicknamed "Little Miss X," were found on a desolate road 10 miles southeast of the Grand Canyon in Coconino County, Arizona on October 31, 1958. Although no cause of death could be determined, the case has always been considered a homicide.[17]

The girl was a white American with possible Hispanic or Latino ancestry; she is estimated to have been between 11 and 14 years old at the time of her death. She was between 5 ft and 5 ft 3 in (150 and 160 cm) in height.[18] It was determined that she had died 9–14 months before her bones were found.[19]

The victim had received good dental care during her life, having seven fillings in four of her teeth. Her hair had been dyed a lighter brown from its natural dark brown.[20] Many of the victim's personal items were at the scene as well: a 10-karat-gold chain; a small jar of Pond's cold cream; a white nylon comb; a small white powder puff with traces of sun-tan-colored powder; and a small blue plastic nail file case with an indented letter "P" and a hand-printed capital "R" next to it.[21]

No clothing was found on the victim's body. However, a white wool cardigan short-sleeved sweater, a white cotton size 34C bra, and brown Capri pants with a green-and-red-plaid design were found at the scene. Investigators deduced the victim had been stripped naked prior to, or shortly after, being killed. A pair of white panties was also found, although they appeared to be too large for the victim.[22][23]

Her body was exhumed in 1962 for further examination. However, due to poor record-keeping, no records exist indicating her re-burial site.[23] The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children has since released a facial reconstruction image of her.[21]


El Dorado Jane Doe

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Photograph prior to victim's death

A woman estimated to be anywhere between 18 and 30 years of age was found deceased on July 10, 1991, in El Dorado, Arkansas in Room 121 of the Whitehall Motel. The decedent is known to have used multiple names, including Cheryl Ann Wick (which she used from a stolen identification card), Kelly Carr/Karr, Shannon Wiley, and Mercedes. She was known to have lived in various states prior to her death, including Texas, where she apparently worked as a sex worker. Other reports explain she had been arrested in the past, using several of her aliases and had possibly been involved in a bank robbery on the East Coast.[24] She had been shot to death by her boyfriend who was convicted of her murder, although the woman remains unidentified.[25]

A second cousin of the victim living in Alabama was identified by a genealogist using genetic genealogy after uploading the unidentified woman's autosomal DNA to the GEDmatch database. The cousin did not recognize the victim but stated she resembled members of the family.[26][27]


San Mateo County John Doe (1973)

On December 24, 1973, an unknown homeless man was allegedly abducted and killed in San Francisco California during the Zebra murders of 1973–1974; all that was found of his remains were his torso, arms, and legs. [28][29][30][31]

Long Beach Jane Doe (1974)

A young woman murdered in 1974. Her killer confessed to her murder in 2013.[32]

San Diego County Jane Doe (1978)

The 1978 San Diego Jane Doe's right ear was smaller than her left, and she had a front tooth that was cracked in half.

The body of a girl between the ages of 14 and 18 years was discovered on the side of a road on February 14, 1978, in Otay, California. She had died two days prior. Her body was unrecognizable because it had been set on fire. The cause of her death was by poisoning and torture.[33][34] The kind of poison used has not been disclosed by investigators.[35]

An examination concluded that she was a white girl, between 5 feet and 5 feet 1 inch tall, weighing 85 to 90 pounds. Her eye color is presumed to have been brown, although the autopsy did not confirm the color. Her hair was brown and tied back with a rubber band. The victim had had her ears pierced. Her right ear was deformed and was smaller than her left ear, which was a distinctive feature.

She had had a root canal done on her bottom right front tooth, which was split into two pieces.[36] Blueish overalls and a white top with blue flowers were the only clothing worn by the girl.[37]

Up to 1,000 dollars is being offered for information on the case.[38]

Happy Face Killer victims

Three women, possibly sex workers, who were suspected to have been killed by Keith Hunter Jesperson during August 1992 and September 1994.[39]

Tujunga Jane Doe (1994)

Tujunga Jane Doe. Sketch by Marilyn Droz.

The victim, estimated to have been between 14 and 24 years old, was located on August 7, 1994, at 11:25 pm. She had been strangled to death and set on fire. She was found lying in a vacant dirt parking lot 60 feet north of La Tuna Canyon Road in the Sunland-Tujunga neighborhood of Los Angeles. A passerby noticed what they thought was a pile of trash on fire, stopped to kick some dirt on it and realized it was actually a body. By the time firefighters arrived at the scene, her body was partially burned. She had been deceased for several hours prior to discovery. Detectives suspect that she was strangled somewhere else before her body was dumped and set on fire. The fire was an attempt to hide the identity of the victim.

She is believed to have been Hispanic, White/Caucasian, or Admixed. She is estimated to have been 5'2" – 5'6" tall and weighed approximately 133 pounds. Her build was described as "medium" and "somewhat obese." She was wearing a medium-length dark brown "New Born Free" wig. She had black, medium-length hair underneath the wig. She had brown eyes. She had a ¾" horizontal scar on the right side of her forehead, right below her hairline. Her teeth were a little crooked and shifted to the right. The space between her upper two front teeth was shifted to the right of the midline of her face/nose. She had extensive dental work performed during her life.

She was wearing tan Levi's-type pants (size small), a brown belt, a blouse with a multicolored flower pattern (size medium), a white bra (possibly an "A-cup"), white panties, two yellow metal hoop earrings (one in each ear), a yellow metal chain necklace with a medallion depicting Jesus Christ (she may have been Catholic), and a yellow metal ring on her left ring finger. No shoes were found on her person.

The case is handled by the Los Angeles County Medical Examiner-Coroner (Case Number 1994-06715) and the Los Angeles Police Department- Robbery-Homicide Division (Case Number 94-16-28149). The NCIC Case Number is U783036169. The NamUs Case Number is 3673. The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children Case Number is 1115102. In archived news articles, she is often referred to as Jane Doe #41.

Her dental charts and fingerprints are available for comparison to missing persons. There is currently insufficient DNA for profiling.[40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47]

San Joaquin County Jane Doe (1995)

One of the charms found with the body of the San Joaquin County Jane Doe

The body of a woman was found on March 29, 1995, in Holt, San Joaquin County, California inside of a refrigerator bound with rope near a road. She had been murdered by a blow to the head with a blunt object around a year before she was found. The body was covered with a sleeping bag as well as a quilt. She was twenty-nine to forty-one years old and was five feet five to five feet seven inches at a weight of 110 to 130 pounds. She was white with strawberry-blond hair, had manicured nails and jewelry, including a wedding ring. She also possibly wore a charm necklace, as remnants of a leather band were located in her pocket. She wore a blue sweatshirt, denim shorts, a tee shirt, a bra, knee-high socks with various colors and expensive boots. It is believed that the refrigerator with her remains originated from elsewhere in California and likely floated along a levee to the location it was found.[48][49][50] Assistant Sheriff John Huber speculated that she might have been a victim of serial killer Terry Peder Rasmussen.[51]

"Baby Doe"

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Digital reconstruction
Age progression

About ten days after he was suffocated, an infant's body was located on a recycling conveyor belt on February 10, 2004, in Stanton, California. He was likely killed on the day he was born, as his placenta and umbilical cord had not yet been severed from his body. A towel was found nearby with blood on it, which may have been used during the birth and, later, to murder the infant. A newspaper and a plastic bag were also found at the scene. The victim's ethnic background was difficult to determine, but he may have been African-American or Hispanic. His hair was black and curly, and his eyes were gray.[52]

Although he had been dead for over a week, his body was not badly decomposed; his face was still recognizable.[53]

Mendocino County John Doe (2012)

For years, a Humboldt County, California family kayaked past a half-buried white tennis shoe on the bank of the Eel River. One of their trips occurred on October 30, 2012. When the family noted a second shoe protruding near the first, the father investigated. When he pulled one of the Pro Wing shoes from the dirt, a foot came with it. The family then called the Mendocino County Sheriff's Department to the site, the 83000 block of Hwy 271, Piercy, CA.[54]

Once a Halloween prank was ruled out, the skeletal remains were deemed to belong to a homicide victim. They were examined by CSU Chico's Human Identification Laboratory. The remains were determined to have been buried for several years; they were of a white male 25 to 45 years old, with a stature of 5 feet 11 inches to 6 feet 5 inches. Associated with the remains, besides the shoes, were a rusty jack knife, long underwear pants, and a T-shirt. DNA testing was requested. So was botanical testing on roots intertwined with the bones. However, the best lead for identification is the T-shirt; it was imprinted with "Before I started working here I drank, smoked, and used foul language for no reason at all. But thanks to this job, I now have a reason."[55][56]


Gilpin County Jane Doe

Gilpin County Jane Doe

The charred body of a woman was found on September 30, 1952, in a forest near Colorado State Highway 119 in Black Hawk, Gilpin County, Colorado. The victim had been placed under a log that was set afire after being doused with an accelerant approximately 20 to 30 days before her remains were found. The victim was believed to be aged between 25 and 30 years old at the time of her murder (born between 1922 and 1927), although she may have been as young as 17.[57] Her hair, which was found attached to the skull, is believed to have been dark in color, and she was approximately five feet seven inches tall.[58] Because of the condition of her body, her weight and race are unknown, as her remains had deteriorated to the point that they weighed 14 pounds. One of her legs was severed from her body, which may have been due to animal activity. The victim had an overbite, which has been described as fairly noticeable. Jewelry found at the scene included a necklace with rhinestones and three earrings. Burned clothing was also found; a light blue sequin top, jeans, and a shoe were all recovered but were fragmented. A lipstick container, an electric razor, a purse, and a man's ring were also at the scene. She was believed to have been hit on the head with a bloody stick nearby before being burned, although it is not known if she was killed after the blow. The stick and one of the earrings were later found by a woman who visited the scene after hearing about the case.

The individual who discovered these remains, Charles Damoth, was initially believed by authorities to be the killer, although his daughter believes otherwise. At least five others were ruled out as possible perpetrators. Damoth admitted to finding her body days before reporting the killing, which some have found suspicious. He claimed he also had cut wood in the area, including the log found on her body. One person also stated they had seen Damoth's truck near the scene around the time the victim was estimated to have died. Polygraph tests used on the suspect never revealed additional evidence. This murder is also referred to as the "Pyre Case," and the victim has also been nicknamed "Maria."[59]


New Haven County John Doe (1923)

On August 9, 1923, the badly decomposed remains of an unknown male were found on Milford Turnpike in West Haven near the New Haven County Home.[60] The John Doe had brown hair, was estimated to be approximately 20 years old, measured 5 feet 7 inches (1.70 m), and weighed around 150 pounds (68 kg). He wore a striped brown suit and had a chauffeur's cap under one arm. The cause of death was determined to be strangulation via a belt drawn tightly around the neck.[61] A handkerchief with a wad of cotton inside had also been tied around his mouth. Two wounds on the victim's chest were initially mistaken for gunshots but were later theorized to be injuries caused by the killer's shoes when holding the victim down.[62] Serial killer Carl Panzram confessed to the murder in 1928, claiming that he had lured the victim into the woods before sexually assaulting and strangling him.[63][64] Panzram stated that the victim was a 16-year-old Jewish boy who wore thick glasses[65] and was the son or nephew of a New York policeman.[66] A first degree murder warrant was issued for Panzram,[67] but proceedings were interrupted when he murdered a prison guard the following year, for which he was subsequently executed.

"Lorraine Stahl"

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Telephone Bill

On May 30, 1974, the nearly skeletal remains of a young white female were found wrapped in a blanket in a wooded area in Stonington, Connecticut. The cause of death was undetermined, however, investigators believe she was killed through homicidal means. She was estimated to be between 18 and 30 years old and was 5 feet 2 inches tall. She had brown or auburn hair. Weight and eye color could not be determined due to decomposition. She was found wearing a tan leather vest, a gold/tan sweater, a brown tweed skirt, a pair of brown boots, a yellow raincoat, and a class-like ring with the letters "JNHS/JHNS" and the initials "ILN" on the side. Witnesses had seen her driving a green 1964 Oldsmobile with Massachusetts or Miami plates. She was also known to be in the company of the bank robber Gustavous Lee Carmichael, whose corpse was found nearby; nearly four years before (on December 31, 1970) he and the woman had been shot dead and buried.[68][69] A telephone list was found with her remains. Calls were made to Nashville, Tennessee, various cities in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Wilmington, Delaware, and Buffalo, New York as well as New York City. Investigators believe that she may have relatives in Tennessee, West Virginia, or the Carolinas.[70][68] Two men, Richard DeFreitas and Donald Brant, were charged with their murders and eventually found guilty in July 1976.[69]


"Woman in the Trunk"

Nightgown worn by "Woman in the Trunk"
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USFL Image
Previous USFL Image

An adult female, between the ages of 25 and 35 years old, was discovered wrapped in plastic and concealed in a footlocker on October 31, 1969, in St. Petersburg, Florida. The murder weapon, a necktie, was visible around her neck. An examination also concluded she had suffered blunt force trauma to the head. The murder had taken place within 72 hours of her discovery. She was five feet nine inches tall, weighed 130 pounds, and was the mother of at least one child. The dental care she received in her life was of relatively low quality, despite the fact that her wisdom teeth had been removed.[71] Her face has been reconstructed twice, including by the University of South Florida.[72]

"Little Miss Lake Panasoffkee"

The body of a young woman was found in the winter of 1971 underneath a bridge in Lake Panosoffkee, Florida. She had been killed by strangulation. Analysis of the remains traced her place of residence to a village in Greece. She had given birth to at least two children between the ages of 17 and 24 years. Evidence of various dental work and a unique ankle surgery were present on the body, which may indicate she was from a well-off background. Reconstructions were created between 1971 and 2012.[73][74]

Miami-Dade County Jane Doe (1979)

The Miami-Dade County Jane Doe may be an Ohio runaway named Tina with the nickname "Sheeba"

On September 4, 1979, a young woman's body was found lying in an apartment complex parking lot next to a dumpster, in Dade, Miami-Dade County, Florida. She was believed to have died just hours before, leaving her face in a recognizable condition. She had not been murdered at that location and had likely been killed at a different area.[75] Her eyes were described as hazel, although the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System states that they were a grayish-green.[76] Her hair was strawberry blonde, and she was five foot five to five foot eight inches tall, and weighed 120 pounds.[77][78] She was between 17 and 25 years old at the time of her death. On her calves, burns were found, possibly from coming in contact with tail pipes from riding on a motorcycle.[79] The victim had acne on her face and some fillings in her mouth. The body was found clad in a white tee shirt, a yellow scarf with flower designs, and blue jeans. Recent developments in her case have turned up the possibility that she may have been an Ohio runaway named Tina and nicknamed "Sheeba".[80] However, no information has been published if this lead has had results.[81][82] The missing girl had left Ohio in 1977, and has never been seen nor heard from since.[83] The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children published this information on their Facebook page dedicated to unidentified children, hoping for additional tips.[84]


Snake River John Doe

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The body of a white male was discovered in the Snake River, near Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho on July 26, 1982, after his death, which was two to three weeks prior.[85] The Doe Network gives a longer estimated time of death to have been as early as January 1982. He was killed by two bullets from a .38-caliber Smith & Wesson gun, which has not been manufactured since 1967. The wounds were located on the man's neck and shoulder. He was between the ages of eighteen and twenty, although the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System reports that his age was not possible to estimate, increasing his age range to ninety-nine years old.[86] The Nez Perce County sheriff department also gives conflicting information, describing him to be as young as thirteen to twenty.[87] Despite that he may have been deceased for seven months, a scar was found on one of his ankles. However, no tattoos, jewelry, or distinct birthmarks could be found. He was believed to be white but may have been Hispanic, as his hair, which was several inches long, was black or red. His height and weight were estimated to be five feet eleven inches and 145 to 160 pounds, respectively. No dental care was observable in his mouth, as his teeth had been excellently cared for with no cavities.[88] The young man wore jeans, blue, red and white striped swimwear in an American flag design and a white sock with the same colors.[89] His case was reopened by police in 2012.[90]


John Wayne Gacy victims

Five young males out of 33 known victims who were murdered between 1972 and 1978 by serial killer John Wayne Gacy remain unidentified. Their skeletonized bodies were discovered buried on Gacy's property between December 27, 1978, and March 9, 1979. Due to the advanced state of decomposition, in ten instances, the causes of death of the victims could not be discovered, although the vast majority of Gacy's victims were killed by strangulation or asphyxiation.[91][92]

Four of these unidentified victims are estimated to have been aged between 14 and 24 years old, whereas one victim is estimated to have been aged between 23 and 30.[93][94] All of these decedents were Caucasian, and at least three of these victims were murdered in 1976 or 1977,[95] whereas two victims may have been murdered between 1972 and 1975.[96][97][98][99]


Newton County John Does

Two young men of different races were found on October 18, 1983, in Lake Village, Newton County, Indiana.[100] Both decedents are confirmed victims of serial killer Larry Eyler.[101]

In July 2020, the DNA Doe Project announced renewed genetic testing efforts to identify the African American victim, whom Eyler specifically stated he had murdered in July 1983.[102] Genetic testing upon the Caucasian victim, believed to have been murdered by Eyler in mid- to late-May 1983, began in January 2021. This individual was identified in April 2021 as 19-year-old John Brandenburg Jr.[103]

Three other victims of Larry Eyler also remain unidentified.[104][105]


St. Tammany Parish John Doe (2016)

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Parabon Nanolabs reconstruction
FACES reconstruction
3D reconstruction

The partially dismembered body of a White and Middle Eastern male aged 65 or older was discovered in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana on July 29, 2016. The victim had died about three days before and was dumped at the scene following his murder. His body was in an advanced stage of decomposition. A scar, possibly from open heart surgery was present on his chest. His height was estimated to be about 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m). His arms and one leg were removed, possibly to conceal unique tattoos or marks on his body. Investigators were unsure of certain traits the man had until DNA phenotyping was performed by the Parabon NanoLabs. The results indicated he had brown or hazel eyes, dark brown hair, and a fair complexion.[106] The victim or the individuals responsible for his death may have links to the Mississippi Gulf Coast and the victim himself may have been a transient.[107]

In 2018 the DNA Doe Project took on this case and analyzed his DNA to try to match with potential relatives.[108]

In May 2021, an update was released on the man's possible ancestral ties. It was found that he or his parents were recent immigrants to the US, and he may have ties to the following places: Alaçatı/Alasata and Istanbul in Turkey; Andros, Piraeus, Alexandroupoli and Chios in Greece; Bucharest and Transylvania, Romania; Locana and Veneto, Italy; Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France; England, and Germany. The highest familial match found in the US was found in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. A list of surnames of interest was also included with the list.[109]


"Cheerleader in the Trunk"

The Cheerleader in the Trunk likely participated in gymnastics, dancing or cheerleading, as evidence on her bones suggests.
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2020 NCMEC reconstruction
2020 Profile
Reconstruction by Carl Koppelman

On August 24, 1982, the skeletonized remains of a young woman were discovered concealed inside a footlocker in Frederick, Maryland by two hikers. The decedent is estimated to have died between 1972 and 1982, with pathologists determining she had most likely died at least three years prior to the discovery of her body.[110] Her age is estimated to have been anywhere between 17 and 45 years old, although the most likely age range of this decedent is between 18 and 25 years old. She had medium-length, brown, or reddish-brown hair and is estimated to have stood between five feet two inches and five feet six inches in height.

Evidence such as spondylolysis on her bones indicates that she may have been a gymnast or dance performer in life.[111] She had also received extensive dental work on her teeth. Between the 1980s and 2012, three composites were created. Many leads have surfaced, including ten missing persons that have been ruled out in the case.[112][113][114]

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"Lady of the Dunes"

An unidentified woman whose body was discovered on July 26, 1974, in the Race Point Dunes, Provincetown, Massachusetts. She had been murdered by extensive blunt force trauma to the head, and her killer had made several attempts to prevent her body from being identified.[115] Although Hadden Clark has confessed to her murder, many believe this confession to have been false.

Former FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted organized crime boss Whitey Bulger may have a connection to the case.[116][117]

Barnstable County John Doe

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Parabon Nanolabs Reconstruction
Shirt worn by the Barnstable County John Doe

On June 4, 2014, the torso of a man of African heritage was found on a beach in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts with his head and all four limbs missing. It is believed that the man was around six feet tall and weighed between 220 and 230 pounds. His body was found on the beach wrapped in a blue tarp and attached to a moving dolly. A surgical scar was also present, but it was unrelated to the murder. Another identifying feature was a T-shirt for a Rhode Island pipe distribution company, although the quantity of the shirts handed out each year prevented easy identification.[118][119] In 2020, his face was reconstructed using DNA phenotyping.[120]


Wayne County Jane Doe (1987)

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On February 10, 1987, the body of a young woman, aged 16 to 25, was located in a dump in Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan. The victim was deceased less than two days and had been stabbed to death.[121] She was approximately 5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m) tall and weighed around 114 pounds (52 kg). The victim had given birth eight weeks to one year prior, and she was lactating.[122] A scar from an episiotomy was also found on her body. Her hair was brown with red and blond highlights, and was styled with a long nape with various layers. She was slender, but had an athletic build and an O blood type. Her nails were painted with pink polish, and she had brown or hazel eyes. A worn black bikini bottom was the only clothing she wore. Two rings were found on her left hand, one on her index finger and one on her ring finger, indicating she may have been married. She also had pierced ears.[123] Along with some other unidentified decedents from Detroit, the victim was exhumed in 2014 for additional examination.[124] The DNA Doe Project is assisting with the victim's case.[125]

Her NamUs profile was removed in June 2020, possibly meaning she was identified, however, no definitive identification has been made. On November 24, 2020, it was announced by the project that she had been tentatively identified, her name pending announcement by officials. [126]


St. Charles County Jane Doe

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NCMEC reconstruction
Reconstruction of St. Charles County Jane Doe by Carl Koppelman

The body of a white girl aged two to three years was discovered inside a suitcase that had been thrown into Lake Alton in West Alton, Missouri, in St. Charles County on February 1, 1968. This decedent is also known as Jane Doe West Alton.

The child's remains were recovered by two fishermen who had hooked their line on the suitcase, which had been wrapped in blue clothesline and weighted with two 10-pound barbells found inside the suitcase.[127]

Distinctive features noted of her remains were an abnormally large tooth and a scar above one of her eyes. She had long, blond hair, although due to decomposition, her eye color could not be determined. She was approximately 2 feet 8 inches tall and weighed between 35 and 40 pounds. The sole item of clothing on her remains was a pair of white underwear.[128]

The child had been dead for up to one month before her body was discovered. She was identified as a homicide victim, although authorities declined to reveal the precise method used to kill her.[129] She was laid to rest on February 7 in an unmarked grave in the children's section of Oak Grove Cemetery.

After an image of the child was constructed by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children in September 2015, the body was exhumed on September 24 from her unmarked grave in an effort to obtain a DNA sample. Investigators later announced that the DNA testing conducted on her remains was unsuccessful. Nonetheless, the exhumation would yield a more accurate estimation of the girl's age at the time of her death. Her skull was studied to create a more accurate composite image of her appearance in life.[130]

St. Louis Jane Doe

An African American girl between 8-11 years old as found inside an abandoned property in 1983. Her head had been decapitated, hands bounds behind her back, and was naked besides a yellow sweater. Her head has never been found but DNA has been collected for future investigations.[131]


"Sahara Sue"

Reconstruction of how Sahara Sue may have appeared in life.

A young white female with brown eyes and wavy, light brown hair whose body was located in Las Vegas in August 1979. She wore dentures, is estimated to have been aged between 15 and 25 years old, and was 100 to 105 pounds in weight.[132]

Elko County Jane Doe (1993)

3D reconstruction of the Elko County Jane Doe

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Digital reconstruction

The nude body of a female, also known as the Shafter Jane Doe, was discovered on November 16, 1993, around six days after her murder had occurred. She was aged between 20 and 35, and had been shot twice: once in the chest region, and once in the back. She had also been beaten.[133] She was five feet eight inches and 144 pounds with brown eyes and pierced ears, although the earrings were missing, possibly being taken by the killer.[134] She also had painted her fingernails pink at one time.[135]

After examination, it was determined that she had used both alcohol and marijuana prior to her death, possibly given birth to a child in the past, and had very healthy teeth. Isotope analysis narrowed her recent place of residence to the city of Afton, Wyoming. Tire tracks near the body indicated that the killer's vehicle was either a pickup truck or a van.[136] The victim had a mole above her right ear and two scars on her lower right leg.[135]

New Jersey

"Princess Doe"

Reconstructions of "Princess Doe" by Carl Koppelman

The body of a teenage girl aged between the ages of 15 and 20 found on July 15, 1982, in Blairstown, New Jersey. Because of numerous factors including significant damage to her face, she remains unidentified.[137] The case has received significant media attention.[137]

New Mexico

Doña Ana County Jane Doe

On March 10, 1985, the skeleton of a female aged 16 to 20 was discovered by a group of hunters, hidden under plastic and buried in a shallow grave in Doña Ana County, New Mexico. The decedent had died approximately three to six months before her body was discovered.[138] She is believed to have been white and had blonde or light brown hair, which was likely her natural color, as the presence of pubic hair of the same color indicated. She had painted at least two of her fingernails pink and her skeletal structure bore evidence of abnormalities, some specific conditions of which were noted by a forensic anthropologist to be unusual to occur in someone of the subject's age. The remains were clothed in pink undergarments and a white jersey with the letter "W." Some of the supports in Jane Doe's bra were noted to have separated from the product.[139] She also appeared to have possibly suffered a healed injury to the right side of her nose.

Her height was believed to be between five feet and five feet four inches tall (152–162 cm). Although her weight could not be determined, she was most likely of a slim build.

Authorities determined the girl was a victim of homicide but declined to release details of how she was murdered, as the case is currently open.[140]

New York

Ulster County John Doe

External images
Digital reconstruction

A frozen male corpse was found on February 1, 1970, in the Ulster County town of Saugerties, at the bottom of a slope near Platte Clove Road by two children who were out sledding. He was aged between 35 and 45 and had been shot four times in the back of the head. The victim was approximately 5 feet 3 inches (160 cm) tall and weighed about 155 pounds (70 kg). He had dark brown hair, with balding at the crown. He was wearing a tan three-quarter length raincoat over a dark green suit with faint pinstripes; beneath was a blue dress shirt and black silk Playboy Enterprises tie with pajamas underneath. On his feet were gray socks and size 812 black dress shoes covered by black Canadian-made Wings rubbers. In his pocket he had $156 ($1,089 in modern dollars[141]) in cash, but no identification.[142]

He appeared to be from outside the United States, most likely Brazil. His suit has been described as "European-style". On his wrist was an Omega Seamaster wristwatch (serial number 16815714) that had been sold in a Portuguese coastal resort town. His other accessory was a gold ring whose stamp indicated it had been made in Brazil, set with an imitation ruby of Portuguese manufacture.[143] His undershirt was a Brazilian store brand, made in Taiwan; the bullets used to kill him also appeared to be a Brazilian brand.[142]

In 2015, investigators had the body exhumed and sent samples for a DNA profile; so far there have been no matches to those in any database.[144]

Irondequoit Jane Doe

External image
NCMEC reconstruction

On July 31, 1988, a skeleton was found in a shallow grave by a boy who was digging at the edge of his family's property in Irondequoit, Monroe County, New York. No signs of trauma were found, but the cause of death was ruled as a homicide.[145][146]

The remains were those of a white female between 4 feet 10 inches and 5 feet 5 inches tall. Her weight, hair color, and eye color could not be determined.[147] She had received significant dental restoration in life, including gold foil fillings.[148]

The victim, who was between 15 and 19 years of age, may have been deceased for as long as 10 to 30 years before the discovery of her body.[149] No clothing was found at the scene. A single white button, which may have belonged to the victim, was found near the remains.

Long Island serial killer victims

The dismembered corpses of several females discovered between 1996 and the present day.


The torso of a woman found in 1997. She is known for her unique peach tattoo.[150]


A torso and pair of legs discovered in 2007. Like the torso found in 1997, dubbed "Peaches", she may have been a victim of the Long Island serial killer.[151]


Death mask of the "Tattooed Man," one of the victims of the Mad Butcher

Mad Butcher victims

The murders of 12 men and women, only two of whom have ever been identified, taking place between 1935 and 1938. All of the victims were dismembered.[152]

Ottawa County Jane Doe

On October 22, 1975, the remains of an unknown woman were found in Ottawa County, Ohio. The body was unclothed, leading officials to suspect foul play after the case was reopened in 2016.[153]

The victim had died as a result of drowning and her body lacked any form of trauma to indicate her death was forced. She was aged between 20 and 30 at the time of her death, was about five feet four inches in height, and weighed 140 pounds. An examination of her body indicated she may have been pregnant the year before her death. Her hair was reddish-brown and her eyes were hazel or brown.[154]


Oak Grove Jane Doe

A woman believed to be aged between 40 and 50 whose dismembered remains were discovered on April 12, 1946. Her remains were subsequently lost by law enforcement.[155]


Poster seeking information in the Boy in the Box case

Boy in the Box

A young boy found wrapped in a blanket inside a cardboard box in the woods off Susquehanna Road in Fox Chase, Philadelphia on February 25th, 1957. He died from severe blunt force trauma visible across his body.[156] His hair had been cut, possibly after his death, and he was severely malnourished.[157]

Perry County Jane Doe

A woman whose body was found in Watts Township, Perry County, on June 20th, 1979. The cause of her death is unknown, but is ruled as suspicious.[158]


External images
Digital 3D reconstruction

Maury County Jane Doe

Clothing found with the Maury County Jane Doe

On February 14, 1975, the virtually skeletonized remains of a black woman between the ages of 15 and 25 years were discovered in Maury County, Tennessee. Her body was found near a highway, leading investigators to believe that she may not have been a native of Tennessee.

An examination of the decedent's body indicated she most likely died six to nine months prior to the discovery of her body, thus making the most likely time of her death in the spring or summer of 1974. She was 5 feet 3 inches to 5 feet 5 inches in height and weighed between 127 and 137 pounds. She wore a red top decorated with a seashell design, blue pants with a floral design, undergarments, and wedgie shoes. Her hair was black and kinky; her eye color could not be determined. Her autopsy also noted a distinctive dental trait: she had an extra tooth in her upper jaw.[159] The victim had received several bone fractures during her life; two of which were fully healed at the time of her death. The unhealed fractures of the decedent were found in her pelvis and ribs.[160]

It is possible the decedent was either the victim of a car accident or had been intentionally run down by a car, as her unhealed bone injuries and the location of her body suggest.[161] The remains of a young dog were also found near her body, but it is not known if she owned the animal.[162]

The skull of Maury County Jane Doe was reconstructed by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children in 2012.[163]

The DNA Doe Project was asked to assist with her identification in September 2020.

Davidson County Jane Doe (1976)

Reconstruction of Davidson County Jane Doe

The body of a teenage Hispanic or Native American girl was discovered on March 24, 1976, in Nashville, Tennessee. She had died of drowning approximately one day prior to her discovery under unknown, but suspicious circumstances. She was 5 feet 2 inches in height and weighed between 120 and 130 pounds. This girl's age is estimated to be between 14 and 17 years old and she had large breasts for her age and a mole near her left temple. She also had scars on both arms which may have been caused by cigarette burns.

Prior to her death, Davidson County Jane Doe had been seen in the company of another girl who was never located; according to witnesses who had seen the two together, the deceased had called herself a name phonetically sounding like "Sherry" or "Cheryl", and both girls claimed that they had run away from a treatment center in St. Paul, Minnesota, and were heading to Haines City, Florida. Her traveling companion was a white teenage girl with sandy-blonde hair and who wore wire-rimmed glasses.[164][165][166]

Cheatham County Jane Doe

On March 31, 1985, the skeletonized body of a red-haired white female believed to be between the ages of thirty-one and forty[167] was found in Pleasant View, Cheatham County, Tennessee. She was between five and five feet two inches (157 cm) tall. Her weight could not be determined. An examination of her teeth showed some evidence of crowding and overlapping.[168] She is believed to have died three to five months previously.[169][170] The murders may have continued until 1992.[171][172][173][174][168]

Campbell County Jane Doe (1985)

On April 3, 1985, the skeletonized partial remains of a young girl were discovered about 200 yards off Big Wheel Gap Road, four miles southwest of Jellico, Campbell County, Tennessee, near a strip mine. She was believed to have been dead between one and four years. Her age was estimated between 9 and 15. She was found by a passerby.[175] A necklace and bracelet made of plastic buttons were found nearby, as well as a pair of size 5 boots and a few scraps of clothing. These items may or may not belong to her.[176] Recent forensic analysis of the victim's remains indicated she was not native to the area where she was discovered. The tests showed she was likely born in Florida or central Texas and had later lived in the Midwest, Rocky Mountain states, the Southwest or the Pacific Coast.[175]

Campbell County Jane Doe (1998)

Reconstruction of the second Campbell County Jane Doe

The body of a black female was discovered on October 25, 1998. She had received a gunshot wound to the head, several stab wounds and her body also revealed evidence of her having been beaten prior to her death. She was aged between 30 and 40, was five feet six inches in height and weighed 130 pounds. She had died days prior to her discovery.[177][178][179][180]

According to her forensic examination, Campbell County Jane Doe had an extra tooth visible on the right side of her mouth and also had several impacted teeth, giving her a distinct smile.[181] Forensic facial reconstructions of this decedent were screened on Good Morning America in 2004 in an attempt to generate leads as to her identity, but no sufficient clues were generated via this initiative.

The woman's body was exhumed in March 2015 to extract DNA from her remains.[182]

Davidson County Jane Doe (1998)

Davidson County Jane Doe

On March 19, 1998, the body of a white female between the ages of 45 and 55 was discovered in the Cumberland River in Nashville. She had been shot twice in the head approximately one day before her body was located, and her body was dressed in athletic pants, underwear and one Reebok shoe. She wore jewelry, including a gold necklace with a Leo zodiac pendant and two rings; one of which was gold and the other black.[183]

The victim was overweight for her height, weighing 167 pounds at her height of five feet two inches. Her teeth had been extensively cared for in life: dental work valued at approximately $10,000 was visible on her teeth, indicating she likely hailed from a higher socioeconomic class.[184] Her hair was brown with highlights and her eyes were green.[183]

A man had been seen in the company of this woman inside a store prior to her death; he had worn the same pendant as her. This individual was never located. In 2011, the decedent's DNA was entered into national forensic databases, although no matches have been made with her remains.[185] In October 2020, it was found that the woman may have had familial ties to Chilton County, Alabama.[186]

Rutherford County Jane Doe

External image
FACES reconstruction

The skeleton of a woman of African heritage was discovered on November 14, 2007, in La Vergne, Rutherford County. She had been murdered approximately four months prior to her discovery, and her clothing had been removed. Although the actual cause of Rutherford County Jane Doe's death has not been conclusively determined, her hands and feet had been bound with yard trimmer cords.

This decedent was approximately five feet six inches in height and aged between her mid-20s and mid-30s; her hair was short and brown. Her teeth also revealed she had undergone dental surgery in her lifetime. She wore two bracelets (one of which contained pictures) and a ring.[187]

Although this decedent is believed to have been of African heritage, investigators cannot exclude the possibility she may have been biracial.[188][189][190][191]

The DNA Doe Project was asked to assist with identification in April 2020.[192]


Harris County John Doe (1973)

External images
Facial reconstructions and clothing

A white or Hispanic male between 15 and 18 years old was found buried in a Harris County boat shed on August 9, 1973.[193]

This youth is the only still-unidentified victim of serial killer Dean Corll, who, together with two teenage accomplices, killed at least 28 boys and young men between 1970 and 1973.[194][195][196] This decedent was between 5 feet 2 and 5 feet 7 inches tall, had dark brown hair, approximately seven inches in length,[197] and is believed to have worn multicolored, striped swim trunks, boots, and a shirt displaying a peace symbol. These items were found near his body.[5]

He had received good dental care, and had never received any teeth fillings in his lifetime. It is known that he suffered from a mild form of spina bifida.[198] DNA testing conducted in 2008 did not match any missing person report.[199]

A forensic examination of the remains of this decedent, in addition to the circumstantial fact that he was buried between two identified victims of Dean Corll (killed in August 1971 and July 1972), indicated that he was most likely murdered in either 1971 or 1972. Forensic anthropologist Dr. Sharon Derrick has stated she has reason to believe this victim may be named Robert (or "Bobby") French, adding she has received an anonymous package containing a series of photographs potentially depicting this individual taken shortly before his murder.[200]

Bexar County Jane Doe

External image
3D reconstruction of 1986 victim

On March 26, 1986, a black woman was shot multiple times and left near a railroad. She was between 18 and 25, standing 5 feet, 11 inches tall. The body had gone undiscovered for approximately three weeks to three months. The motive for the murder was apparently an argument. Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, a serial killer, confessed to her murder, claiming he had also killed the woman's boyfriend, whose remains are yet to be found. The woman wore a white gold ring, a striped blue short skirt, and a flannel jacket, which was also striped. She was believed to have been native to Florida, her first name reported to possibly be Norma. The woman, along with her boyfriend, has never been identified. Reséndiz apparently killed seventeen others.[201]

Harris County Jane Doe (December 1989)

Harris County Jane Doe, found December 1989

Approximately eight to ten hours after her death, a Hispanic female was located on Westheimer Street, in Houston, Harris County, Texas on December 29, 1989.[202] She was five feet four inches and weighed 161 pounds; she was between nineteen and twenty-five, although she could have been up to thirty-five.[203] The victim wore black pants, socks and shoes as well as a white bra, panties and a pullover. Her hair was black and curly, approximately twenty inches long. Her eyes were also brown.[204] A piece of paper was found at the scene that was written by hand containing some sort of schedule.[205] The woman had been shot at close range in the head. After her body remained unidentified, she was buried in an unmarked grave in a potter's field.[206]

South Padre Island Jane Doe

Reconstruction of the South Padre Island Jane Doe

The decomposed remains of a Hispanic woman were found on a beach, scavenged by coyotes, on October 10, 2012, in South Padre Island, Cameron County, Texas. The victim's body was likely exposed due to changes in water levels on the beach. The woman had been dead for one to several weeks before her remains were discovered.[207] The sand above the body had been "covered with lime," possibly to speed decomposition or plant growth, likely as a way to prevent the body from being found or identified. Her height was estimated to be four feet ten to five feet two inches tall and her weight at about 95 to 120 pounds. She was middle-aged, approximately forty-two to fifty-five, at the time of death.[208] One or more of the female's limbs were not found with the body, as they were likely carried away by animals. A distinctive feature about this female was that she had her make-up permanently tattooed on her eyebrows, eyelids, and lips. Her ears had also been pierced.[209] She was clothed, wearing a dark top, multicolored shorts with star decorations and bikini underwear, along with a sanitary pad. The woman's death is considered to be due to foul play and a "suspicious" white-colored "powder" was found on the face region. Since her discovery, a three-dimensional reconstruction and a sketch have been created of the victim.[208][210]


Green River victims

External image
Reconstruction of Jane Doe B-17

On January 2, 1986, the body of a female was found in Auburn, King County, Washington. She was aged between 14 and 19 and had lain undiscovered for between two and six years.[211]

Another Green River victim also remains unidentified. Her remains were discovered in August 2003. Due to the recovered remains being partial, no option exists to reconstruct her face, although she is believed to have been aged between 13 and 24. Ridgway described this victim as a white female in her mid-teens or early twenties with blond or brown hair and around 135 pounds in weight.

The victims are known as "Jane Doe B-17" and "Jane Doe B-20," respectively.[212][213] Most, though not all, of the Green River Killer's victims who have been identified were involved in prostitution.[214]

Tukwila John Doe

On January 8, 1997, partial skeletal remains were found during an excavation of a new residence in Tukwila, Washington. Investigators initially believed that the remains belonged to an adult woman, with a more specific age range being impossible to determine. The remains were believed to belong to a female, possibly a victim of Gary Ridgway. Items found on the scene included a brown leather backpack, a pair of JCPenney nylon-type underwear, lace bikini-type underwear, a blue hair barrette, a Nike tube sock, and various scraps of other clothing. The DNA Doe Project was asked to assist with their identification on June 12, 2020.[215]

It was found in February 2021, through testing, that the remains actually belonged to a male. Various aspects of the cases, such as Ridgway's involvement, the preferred gender of the victim, and whether the clothing items even belonged to the victim are now currently being investigated further.

West Virginia

Wetzel County Jane Doe

The naked body of a white female was found alongside Route 250 near Littleton, in Wetzel County, West Virginia in February 1983. A pair of senior citizens reported the body, which they originally had thought was a display mannequin. The body had been placed in the area recently, as snow was on the ground but not on the body. Police said that tire tracks and footprints nearby indicated that she was likely transported to this site after death from another location. Their examination concluded she had died about two days previously and was not a victim of sexual assault.[216]


"Little Lord Fauntleroy"

A sketch of "Little Lord Fauntleroy", artist unknown.

A young boy, estimated to be between five and seven years old, whose body was found in a pond near the O'Laughlin Stone Company in Waukesha, Wisconsin on March 8, 1921. He may have been in the water for several months and had been struck on the head. He had blond hair, brown eyes, and a missing tooth, and was dressed in a gray sweater, Munsing underwear, black stockings, a blouse, and patent leather shoes; the clothing quality suggested he was from an affluent family.[217][218]

"Chimney Crossdresser"

External images
Reconstruction, frontal view
Recontruction, right profile view

The skeletal remains of a lightly built Caucasian male between the ages of 22 and 27[219] were discovered in the basement of the now-defunct 'Good N Loud' music store on University Avenue in Madison on September 3, 1989, when the owner pulled a vent pipe from the brickwork in an attempt to find the source of a blockage that was causing water seepage.[219] He was wearing a paisley dress, a black, long-sleeved White Stag blouse, an Iron cross necklace, and a 'shag' sweater,[220] and had brown hair and a slight overbite.[221] He was carrying a butter knife, a spare pair of socks, and a comb at the time of his death, and was not wearing underwear. His pelvis had been broken, possibly in the process of forcing him into the chimney,[222] and he may have been there for two months to two years. He may have worked as a page in the state Legislature sometime between 1977 and 1985.[221]

Columbia County Jane Doe

Columbia County Jane Doe
External images
3D reconstruction
Label on pants

The skeletal remains of a woman were found in Caledonia, Columbia County, Wisconsin on May 8, 1982, in a wooded area near Highway 78. It is believed that she had died elsewhere and was disposed of at that location. The victim and her murderer may not have been local to the area as her body was found near a highway, indicating that her body may have been transported to the location from elsewhere in the United States.[223]

The victim, aged 45 to 65 and most likely white, had been killed by blunt-force trauma to the skull. She had likely borne at least one child before her death. There was evidence of arthritis in her neck and back, and this may have affected the way she walked.[224]

Because of the degree of decomposition of her body, her hair color, eye color, weight, and complexion are unknown. However, some details could be assessed. Her height is estimated to be 5 feet 5 to 5 feet 7 inches tall. Her dental characteristics were fairly unusual, as the partial denture and crowns in her mouth were said to have been out of the ordinary. No clothing was found at the body disposal site except for a multicolored blouse and size 12 brown pants.[225]

She was buried in Wyocena, Wisconsin, on September 1, 1987, after her case went cold, but her body was exhumed in April 2014. Her remains were transported to Virginia for additional testing, including DNA profiling.[226] Since the case was reopened and reintroduced to the public eye, tips as to her identity have been submitted to the authorities.[227] The DNA Doe Project was asked to help assist with identifying her in March 2020.[228]

Vernon County Jane Doe

Facial reconstruction of Vernon County Jane Doe

Vernon County Jane Doe is a woman aged between 50 and 65 years old who had been killed by blunt-force trauma to her head, forceful enough to break her dentures,[229] approximately 24–48 hours before her body was discovered on the night of May 4, 1984 near the town of Westby.[230] Her hands had been severed from her arms to prevent identification by fingerprinting.[231]


"Bitter Creek Betty"

Artist's impression of how Bitter Creek Betty may have appeared during life
External image
2D profile reconstruction

The nude body of a possibly white female was discovered on March 1, 1992, in Sweetwater County, Wyoming. The decedent's body is believed to have been discarded at the location of her discovery approximately one month prior, although due to the cold weather, her body was well preserved. She was between 24 and 32 years of age, and between five feet six and five feet eight inches in height.[232] She had a scar from a Caesarean section on her abdomen as well as a tattoo of a rose beneath one of her breasts. At the crime scene, a golden-appearing necklace and ring, sweatpants, and pink underwear were found.[233] After images of the victim's tattoo were published throughout the United States, a man came forward claiming that he had performed the tattoo on the woman. This man claimed that she was Hispanic, lacking any discernible accent, and was likely a drifter who hitchhiked frequently around the country.

Later genetic testing would also determine the woman was of possible Hispanic and European descent.[234] This unidentified decedent is also known as "Rose Doe".

The woman had died from being stabbed through one of the nostrils, having also been strangled and beaten, likely at another location.[235][236] She had also been sexually assaulted both anally and vaginally prior to her murder.

Multiple missing persons have been ruled out as possible identities of Bitter Creek Betty. Apart from this victim, two other decedents from the area also remain unidentified. DNA from the scene has also matched another murder, indicating she was murdered by a serial killer.[237]

In May 2020, a long-haul trucker from Iowa, Clark Perry Baldwin, was arrested and charged with her killing, as well as those of two other women in Wyoming and Tennessee.[238]

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